The Association’s objects (‘the Objects’) are the advancement for
the public benefit of the Science, Art and Practice of Orthopaedic Surgery with
the aim of bringing relief to patients of all ages suffering from the effects
of injury or disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
2. Membership of the
Association shall comprise the following categories:
(a) Honorary Fellows
(b) Corresponding Fellows
(c) Senior Fellows
(e) Overseas Fellows
(f) Companion Fellows
(j) Allied Association/Society
(a) (i) Honorary Fellows
may be elected from men or women of distinction, whether lay or professional,
who have made an outstanding contribution to British or international
(ii) Corresponding Fellows have in the past
been elected from distinguished orthopaedic surgeons resident outside the
British Isles who have made a special contribution to British orthopaedics. No
further elections will be made to this category.
(iii) Senior Fellows. Fellows, Companion Fellows and Members who have retired from all
professional practice and are over the age of 60 may apply for Senior Fellowship / Membership. Only in exceptional
circumstances will Senior Fellowship be granted to applicants under that age.
(iv) Fellows may be elected from surgeons
resident and in independent orthopaedic practice in the British Isles and on the
Specialist Register (Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery) of the General Medical
Council or the Medical Council of Ireland.
(v) Overseas Fellows may be elected from
orthopaedic surgeons resident outside the British Isles who are established as
consultants or specialists and have received part of their training in the
British Isles or have shown continued interest in the affairs of the
(vi) Companion Fellows may be elected from
senior members of allied disciplines who are interested in orthopaedic surgery.
(vii) Reduced Rate Fellows who have retired
from clinical practice but still do limited private and/or Medico-legal work
resulting in them paying the lowest MDU rate or its equivalent.
(viii) Members may be elected from among Non-Consultant Career
Grade Orthopaedic surgeons resident and holding substantive posts within the British Isles. Those in locum or temporary
consultant posts or post CCT Fellowships or those who have obtained their
CCT and are in the process of actively seeking employment as a T&O surgeon
may also be considered.
(ix) Associates may be elected from those who are, at the time of
application, Specialist Registrars or others in training posts with educational
approval in Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery in the British Isles. Associate membership is normally limited to
the term of employment as a trainee including the period of grace.
(x) Affiliates may be elected from among
non-medically qualified members of professions allied to orthopaedic surgery
and whose work is consistent with the objects of the Association as defined in
(xi) Allied Associations/Societies may be
elected from Associations/Societies whose work is consistent with the Objects
of the Association and whose members are not medically qualified and who are
directly involved in caring for patients who are the clinical responsibility of
a Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgeon who is on the Specialist Register of the
General Medical Council or the Medical Council of Ireland.. Individual members
of the Allied Association/Society
will not be members of the British Orthopaedic Association but will be eligible
to join as Affiliates.
The terms of
membership will be governed by a Memorandum of Understanding approved and
reviewed annually by the Trustees.
4. (a) The Council shall consist of the Officers
as defined in Article 30, and twelve
elected trustees and the following non-voting ex officio members:
The Chairman of the British Council of Management of the “Journal
Bone and Joint Surgery”
The Chairman of the Specialty Advisory Committee in Trauma and
The Chairman of the Education Committee
The President or a nominated representative of the British
The Editor, British Orthopaedic News
The Chairman of the Scottish Committee for Orthopaedics and Trauma
The Chairman of the Welsh Advisory Orthopaedic Subcommittee
The Chairman of the Northern Ireland Regional
Orthopaedic and Trauma
The Chairman or a nominated representative of the British
The Chairman of the Patient Liaison Group
(b) i) Council shall appoint an officer, or an
elected member in his second year, to serve as the BOA Invited Member to
Council of The Royal College of Surgeons of England. The Invited
Member shall serve for two years
ii) Council shall
appoint a member of Council who is a professor to represent the interests of
the Association of Professors of Orthopaedic Surgery. The term of service will
not be fixed but shall not be longer than three years. If there is no member of
Council who is a professor, the President of the Association of Professors of
Orthopaedic Surgery shall be an ex officio member of council.
shall appoint two of its members as delegates to the EFORT General Assembly.
non-voting members of Council may be co-opted pursuant to Article 34.
5. (a) Election
President shall be elected annually by the Trustees. Nominations may be put to
Council by any two Fellows of the Association and must be endorsed with the
candidate’s written consent to stand. Nominations must be with the Honorary
Secretary by 1 June. The nominee must be a Fellow of the Association and have
been previously elected to Council. Election will be by means of a postal
ballot of all Trustees. If there are two candidates, a simple majority will
elect the President. If there are more than two candidates, the method of
election shall be by single transferable vote. However, any candidate receiving
more than 50% of the vote in the first ballot shall be elected. If no candidate
receives more than 50% of the first vote, the second preference votes of the
candidate with fewest votes will be transferred to the other candidates until a
candidate receives 50% or more of the vote. Each candidate for President must
produce a manifesto not exceeding 250 words.
ii) The Honorary
Treasurer shall be elected triennially by the Trustees of the British
Orthopaedic Association. The Treasurer should have experience in the management
of financial affairs and, preferably, should have been an elected Trustee of
the Association. The Honorary Secretary shall, by 15 March, send to each Fellow
notice of the nomination of the Trustees. Alternative nominations may be
proposed and seconded by two or more members and must be delivered to the
Honorary Secretary by 15 April, with the candidate’s written consent to stand.
The election process shall be by postal ballot amongst the Trustees and shall
follow the same format as that for President. Each candidate for Honorary
Treasurer must produce a manifesto not exceeding 250 words.
iii) The Honorary Secretary shall be elected triennially by postal
ballot from amongst the Fellows of the Association. The Honorary Secretary
shall, by 15 March, send to each Fellow notice of the nomination of the
Trustees. Alternative nominations may be proposed and seconded by two or more
members and must be delivered to the Honorary Secretary by 15 April, with the
candidate’s written consent to stand. Ballot papers will be circulated to all
Fellows by 30 April and must be returned to the Honorary Secretary by 31 May.
The candidate receiving the highest number of votes will be elected. Each
candidate for Honorary Secretary must produce a manifesto not exceeding 250
i) The President shall be an Officer of the Association for four
consecutive years, the year of his term of office as President to be preceded
by one year as Vice-President Elect and one year as Vice-President and to be
followed by one year as Immediate Past President.
ii) If the President ceases to hold office during the term, the
Vice-President shall become President for the remainder of the term.
terms of office for the Treasurer and Secretary shall be 3 years. Appointments
shall be staggered to ensure that simultaneous change does not take place.
iv) The term of office of the President, Vice-President,
Vice-President Elect and Immediate Past President shall start on the last day
of the Annual Scientific Congress if held in the autumn. If the Scientific Congress
is held at another time, the term of office of the aforementioned Officers
shall start on 1 October.
v) The terms of office of the Honorary Secretary and Honorary
Treasurer will start on 1 January.
i) The President shall preside at all Scientific Congresses and
general meetings and at all meetings of the Council. The President shall
deliver a Presidential Address.
ii) The Vice-President or, in his absence, the Vice-President Elect
or the Immediate Past President shall deputise for the President on all
occasions when the President is absent.
iii) The Honorary Secretary shall be responsible for the organisation
of the general meetings and meetings of the Council and for the maintenance of
the Minutes of those meetings. He shall conduct all correspondence and arrange
for the publication of an Annual Report of the affairs of the Association.
iv) The Honorary Secretary shall be responsible for the organisation
of all Scientific Congresses.
v) The Honorary Treasurer shall collect the monies due to the
Association and shall be the custodian thereof; shall inform each member when
his subscription for the forthcoming year is due; and shall present the audited
accounts of the Association and of the Benevolent Fund each year to a general
vi) Elected Members of Council shall be given liaison responsibility
for a geographical region of the United Kingdom.
i) The Council shall have the power to fill casual vacancies
amongst the Officers (except the President, Vice-President and the
Vice-President Elect) from amongst trustees subject to confirmation at the next
Elected Members of Council
Fellows of the Association shall be elected by postal ballot, each to serve as
a trustee for three years. Four of the elected trustees shall retire each year
and thereafter shall be eligible for re-election after one year’s retirement.
7. The electoral
procedure shall be as follows:
I (Postal Ballot)
(a) On or before 15 March each year the Honorary Secretary shall
send to each Fellow a notice inviting nominations for candidates for membership
of the Council. Every nomination must be proposed and seconded by a Fellow and
endorsed with the candidate’s written consent to stand. Nomination papers must
be returned to reach the Honorary Secretary not later than 15 April.
(b) A postal ballot shall be held if more than four candidates are
so nominated. Honorary Secretary shall on or before 30 April issue to each
Fellow a voting paper identifying the candidates and stating the number of
vacancies to be filled. Each Fellow shall have four votes. Each vote must be
cast for a different candidate but all votes need not be used. Voting papers
must be returned to the Honorary Secretary on or before 31 May.
(c) The result of the postal ballot will be presented to the Council
at its next meeting. The four candidates with the most votes will be deemed to
have been elected Members of the Council with effect from 1 January of the
the event of an equality of votes, the Council will determine the candidate or
candidates for election to Council by a majority vote.
(e) Canvassing for the election will not be allowed.
(f) Should only four candidates be nominated they shall be deemed to
have been elected as Members of the Council with effect from 1 January of the
following year. If fewer than four candidates have been nominated, the balance
of the four vacancies shall be filled by election at a general meeting, as
II (Election at an Annual or Extraordinary General Meeting)
(g) Council will take into account the geographical and age
composition of the Council (including the newly elected members) and shall then
nominate candidates to fill the remaining vacancy/ies.
(h) At least thirty-five days before the general
meeting at which the members of Council are to be elected the Honorary
Secretary shall send to each Fellow a notice of the meeting which will specify
which Fellows were elected in the postal ballot and which are the nominees of
the Council to fill the remaining vacancy/ies.
(i) Alternative nominees may be proposed and seconded by two or more
Fellows. The candidates’ names and their written consent to stand for election
must be delivered to the Honorary Secretary at least twenty-eight days before
the date of the meeting. If there are more nominations than vacancies, election
shall be by a majority vote at the meeting.
Election for Categories of Membership
(a) Nominations for
Honorary Fellowship should be supported by ten Fellows and must receive
unanimous support of those present at a Council meeting.
(b) Applications for election as Fellow, Overseas Fellow, Companion
Fellow, Member or Associate must be made on an official form and be supported
by two Fellows of the Association.
(c) Associates may apply directly to the Membership Committee for
consideration for election to
(d) Application for Affiliate Membership should be made on an
official form available from the BOA and should be supported by a reference
from the applicant’s own professional body and from two Fellows of the British
Orthopaedic Association. The holders of the Certificate of Orthopaedic Medical
Technology will only require references from two Fellows of the British
(e) Fellows may submit names for consideration for election to any
category of membership to the Honorary Secretary.
(f) Council shall approve election to all categories of membership,
except Honorary, Corresponding and Companion Fellowship, after receiving
recommendations from the Membership Committee. Elections shall be confirmed by
the vote of a majority at a general meeting.
(g) Proposals for Honorary and Corresponding Fellowship and
applications for Companion Fellowship may only be approved by the vote of a
majority at a general meeting.
(h) Applications by
Associations/Societies for Allied membership should be made on an official form
available from the British Orthopaedic Association and be supported by ten
Fellows of the British Orthopaedic Association. A signed Memorandum of
Understanding is a criterion for Allied membership.
(a) Council will have the power to alter the
Committee structure in order to deliver the objectives of the Association more
effectively. This includes the creation, disbanding, and restructuring of
Committees as required.
(b) All Committee Chair vacancies should be advertised to the full
membership and nominations made by the BOA Executive for appointment by
(c) All Committee vacancies should be advertised to the full
Membership and nominations made by the relevant Committee Chair in conjunction
with the BOA Executive for appointment by Council.
(d) All Committees report to Council either directly or through the
relevant sub-committee structure.
Council will from time to time delegate such powers as are commensurate
with the specific Committee’s remit.
i) Each Committee will ensure that an appropriate Terms of Reference
document is agreed and updated on a regular basis by Council.
ii) In order to provide increased transparency and allow the maximum
opportunity for all members of the BOA to take up Committee posts within the
Association, no member of any Committee can have their tenure of office
extended without the prior agreement of the BOA Executive, who will forward
their recommendation to Council. Approval will only be given in exceptional
iii) The President, Vice President and Honorary Secretary shall be
considered members of all Committees – although they will normally be
represented by an elected member of Council (see 9(d)iv).
iv) All Committees will have within their membership a representative
elected member of Council, who will be appointed by the President with the
agreement of Council.
v) All Committees shall have the power to co-opt anyone who may assist
their work without reference to Council provided the names of those co-opted,
the rationale for, and duration of their co-option are subsequently
communicated to Council.
vi) A summary of the Committee’s work will be included in the
Trustees’ Annual Report and Statement of Accounts, which will be made available
to the membership prior to the AGM.
10. Any member
wishing to withdraw from the Association shall give notice in writing to the
11. The Council shall
have power to request the resignation of any member deemed by the Council to
have been guilty of conduct contrary to the interest of the Association, or to
have been disobedient to its Rules or guilty of an unprofessional act or public
misdemeanour, provided that the person concerned shall be notified of the
proposed action not less than eight weeks before the next general meeting. Any
member whose resignation is requested by the Council shall have the right to
appeal to that Council and to the next general meeting and enter a defence,
provided written application is made to the Honorary Secretary within fourteen
days of receiving the request for his resignation. At least 21 days’ notice
shall be given to members of a resolution required to remove a member who is
also a trustee of the Association. A majority vote of Fellows and Emeritus
Fellows at that meeting shall be final.
The annual subscription for Fellows, Overseas Fellows, Members and
Associates will include provision for ‘The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery’
and other official publications of the Association.
Honorary Fellows and Corresponding Fellows will pay no
subscription and will not receive ‘The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery’.
Senior Fellows elected on or after 18 September 2002 will pay a reduced
annual subscription which will not normally include provision of ‘The Journal
of Bone and Joint Surgery’. Senior Fellows elected before 18 September 2002
will pay no subscription but will be invited to make a voluntary annual
donation to the Association.
Companion Fellows may elect to pay a reduced subscription at one
of two rates, depending on whether they choose to receive ‘The Journal of Bone
and Joint Surgery’ as part of the subscription entitlement.
Subscriptions are due on 1st January of each year and are payable
in advance. They shall be determined by the Council and approved at a general
The Council shall have power to remit, reduce or suspend the
subscription of any member at its discretion.
In the event of election to membership before l July the first
subscription shall be payable on election and publications supplied from the
beginning of the year. In the event of election after 30 June the first
subscription shall be payable on 1 January next following and the publications
supplied from the latter date.
Associates who are elected Fellows shall pay the appropriate
subscription on 1 January next following.
(i) No member shall be entitled to any of the
privileges of the Association while their subscription is in arrears. If it
remains unpaid for nine months they shall automatically cease to be a
member of the Association. Re-election
may be granted by the Council if a re-registration fee is paid and
application in writing is made to the Honorary Secretary.
13. The Association’s
financial year shall extend from 1 January to 31 December inclusive.
14. No member of any Committee shall incur any
expense on behalf of the Association except with the written authority of the
Honorary Secretary or Honorary Treasurer stating the amount to be incurred.
A Scientific Congress shall
be held at least once each year at a time and place to be decided by Council
which shall be empowered to charge participants a registration fee.
(a) The programme for each meeting shall be settled by the
(b) Anyone wishing to present a communication
shall furnish The Honorary Secretary with an abstract in such a format as may
(c) The Association shall have the right to
publish, in whole or in part, in the official publication of the Association or
elsewhere, every free communication presented to it.
(d) Every person presenting a communication
shall supply to the Editorial Secretary a comprehensive abstract within a
reasonable time before the meeting, and, if requested, he shall also supply
within a reasonable time a full typescript and illustrations in a form suitable
17. An Editorial
Secretary shall be appointed by Council from amongst the Fellows of the
Association. He shall be responsible for preparing a report of all scientific
congresses of the Association for submission to the British Editor of ‘The
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery’.
‘The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery’
18. The official
publication of the Association shall be ‘The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery’
British Orthopaedic News
19. The official
newsletter of the Association shall be British Orthopaedic News, published
under the title ‘BON’.
20. Council shall
appoint the editor, to serve for such term as it may decide.
21. (a) The
Benevolent Fund shall be administered by trustees in accordance with the Deed
of Trust (1938) and any schemes or orders of the Charity Commissioners of
England and Wales made from time to time. The Honorary Treasurer shall be
responsible for preparing the accounts of the Fund and shall submit them to the
trustees of the Fund and to Council annually before the meeting of the Council
preceding the general meeting of the Association at which they are presented.
The Fund shall be an item on the agenda for a meeting of the Council at least
once a year and on the agenda for the Annual General Meeting of the
Alteration of Rules
22. (a) The Rules shall be altered only by the vote of three-fourths of those
Fellows present at a general meeting. The Honorary Secretary shall despatch
notice of every proposed alteration to every Fellow not less than twenty-one
days before the date of the meeting.
(b) If there are insufficient members
to form a quorum at that meeting then within one month of that meeting a postal
ballot of Fellows will be conducted. The majority of three-fourths of a minimum
return of eighty votes will be required for a change of the Rules. No
alterations or additions shall be made to the Rules which will cause the
Association to cease to be a charity in law or which shall be inconsistent
with, affect or repeal anything contained in the memorandum or the articles of
(c) The Association in general meeting
shall have power to alter or amend the memorandum and articles of association.
The memorandum and articles of association may only be altered by the vote of
at least three-fourths of those Fellows present and voting. No postal ballot
shall be allowed. The Honorary Secretary shall despatch notice of every
proposed alteration to each Fellow not less than twenty-one days before the
date of the meeting. Notwithstanding Article 8 of the articles of association
eighty Fellows shall form a quorum at a meeting convened to alter the
memorandum and articles of association.