Cauda Equina Syndrome

Cauda equina syndrome if not picked up early, can result in serious and debilitating consequences. Aprajay Golash, a neurosurgeon, and Niall Eames, a T&O surgeon, on behalf of the British Association of Spinal Surgeons explore ways of recognising and dealing with this critical condition, early and effectively.

If you have any further questions, please email Lisa Hadfield-Law at


Recognising Toxic Stress

Niall Eames – Consultant Spinal Surgeon (T&O) – Northern Ireland
Aprajay Golash – Consultant Spinal Surgeon (neuro) – Preston

Surgery is stressful, there is no getting away from that. Niall Eames and Aprajay Golash explore further the “zonal approach” to recognising toxic stress as a surgeon. The Stress Continuum is a model that identifies how people react in stressful situations.


The Diabetic Foot

Matt Solan presents information on the diabetic foot.


Diabetes MDT

Fred Robinson presents information on the diabetic foot and organisational aspects.


Ankle Fractures

Jim Barrie presents information on ankle fractures.


Assessing Casting Techniques for Surgical Trainees

Casts applied by surgeons could be better. The traditional approach to training in the art of casting has been inadequate, and British Casting Certificate holders are encouraged to engage with surgical training and assessment . The BOA have created a 10 minute screencast for holders of the BCC and T&O trainees, aimed at collaboration between the two groups to drive up standards of casting in the UK. Viewers are briefed about how best to use the T&O curriculum and one of the ISCP workplace based assessments to structure learning and assessment.

Necrotising Fasciitis

Birender Kapoor presents information on Necrotising Fasciitis and Severe Soft Tissue Infections.